NSSP Working Papers were formerly called NSSP Background Papers, but this convention was changed starting with the publication of NSSP Working Paper 15.

“Challenges of Land Governance in Nigeria: Insights from a case study in Ondo state”

This paper presents the findings of a case study on land governance in the Ondo State of Nigeria. A conceptual framework based on concepts of organizational theory is presented to guide the study. The empirical part of the study focuses on two cases of land registration and two cases of land acquisition. A participatory mapping >> Read more

“A Review of Literature on Agricultural Productivity, Social Capital and Food Security in Nigeria”

Despite the rapid pace of urbanization taking place in Nigeria, half of Nigerians (approximately 70 million individuals) still live in rural areas; most of them engaged in smallholder semi-subsistence agriculture. Agriculture remains a crucial sector in the Nigerian economy, being a major source of raw materials, food and foreign exchange; employing over 70 percent of >> Read more

“Nigerian farmers’ preferences on the timing of the purchase of rice, cowpea, and maize seeds”

Nigerian farmers have been slow in adopting improved seeds due to constraints in both supply and demand. Demand-side constraints pertain to farmers’ characteristics, while supply-side constraints are related to capacity. Farmers’ seed demand is complex, and empirical information on Nigerian farmers’ seed demand is scarce. One of the less-studied issues is farmers’ preference for obtaining >> Read more

“A Review of Fertilizer Policy Issues in Nigeria”

Low fertilizer use is professed to be among the many reasons for low agricultural productivity in Nigeria. Fertilizer application estimated at 13 kg/ha in 2009 by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, is far lower than the 200 kg/ha recommended by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This report reviews the >> Read more

“Demand Characteristics for Small-scale Private Irrigation Technologies: Knowledge Gaps in Nigeria”

Small-scale private irrigation (SPRI) schemes make up most of the irrigated area in Nigeria, although they constitute only about three percent of the cultivated area in the country. Farmers’ demand for SPRI is potentially affected by diverse sets of agroecological, socioeconomic and risk factors. While the constraints on SPRI expansion have been well investigated by >> Read more

“Assessment of the 2009 fertilizer voucher program in Kano and Taraba, Nigeria”

This study analyzes the application of an input voucher program implemented in 2009 in two Nigerian states, Kano and Taraba. Using primary data collected from 1000 households, we explore the effect of the voucher program on the quantity and quality of fertilizer received, the timeliness of receipt, and the price paid by respondents. The findings >> Read more

“Demand Characteristics for Improved Rice, Cowpea, and Maize Seeds in Nigeria: Policy Implications and Knowledge”

This review focuses primarily on the demand for improved seeds of rice, cowpea, and maize. The key research questions addressed in this review are: (1) how has seed demand in SSA been generally characterized, (2) how does such characterization apply to Nigeria, (3) what are the knowledge gaps that, when filled, will allow the public >> Read more

“Measuring the Effect of Transaction Costs for Investment in Irrigation Pumps: Application of Unobserved Stochastic Threshold Model to the Case of Nigeria”

Small-scale private irrigation schemes (SPRI) have been the driving force behind the expansion of irrigated areas in Nigeria, despite government efforts to promote large-scale public irrigation schemes. SPRI allows adjustment of irrigation schedules in accordance with observed crop needs. The irrigated area in Nigeria is, however, far below its potential and an increase in farmers’ >> Read more

“The Role of Libraries in Supporting Agricultural Policy Research – Evidence from Selected University and Research Institute Libraries in Nigeria”

Agriculture is the largest contributor to the economic well-being of most Nigerians. For the agriculture sector to continue to grow, research-based knowledge of the existing agricultural practices, the potential of the sector, the approach for transforming the sector, and the impact of the transformation on the economy, sector, and population is needed. It has also >> Read more

“Enhancing the Competitiveness of Agricultural Commodity Chains in Nigeria: Identifying Opportunities with Cassava, Rice, and Maize using a Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) Framework”

Since registering a disappointing growth of 1.2 percent in 2002, Nigeria’s economic performance has rebounded, averaging growth at 7.3 percent between then and 2007. However, the pressing challenge for the nation lies in maintaining and improving current economic growth indicators and translating these recent gains into an improved standard of living for the majority of >> Read more

“Mapping the Policy Process in Nigeria: Examining Linkages between Research and Policy”

How research can feed into the policy process in developing countries in general, and in Nigeria more specifically, is not very well understood. Yet, this understanding is a critical part of doing effective policy research. This has become especially critical for the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), which has set up a country office >> Read more

“Options for Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria”

Since 2003, economic growth in Nigeria has been strong. Annual GDP grew by 9.1 percent per annum between 2003 and 2005 and by 6 .1 percent per annum between 2006 and 2008. Much of this growth can be attributed to the non-oil economy which has grown rapidly. This is due primarily to agriculture, which contributes >> Read more

“A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria”

Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health challenge. Using National Demographic Health Survey (NDHS) 2003 data, we sought to understand better what the determinants of child and maternal nutrition are and >> Read more

“Quantitative Analysis of Rural Poverty in Nigeria”

Poverty in Nigeria is pervasive although the country is rich in human and material resources that should translate into better living standards. According to the most recent survey (2004 National Living Standards Survey) presented by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS 2007), about 69 million people were living in poverty, which represents 54.4 percent of >> Read more

“Institutional Capacity for Designing and Implementing Agricultural and Rural Development Policies and Strategies in Nigeria”

This study assessed the capacity for designing and implementing agricultural and rural development policies, strategies, and programs in Nigeria. Data for this study were derived from initial consultations at the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources (FMAWR), Federal Ministry of Women affairs and Social Development (FMWASD), and the Federal Ministry of Environment (FMEnv) early >> Read more

“Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity”

Nigeria is still characterized by high reliance on food imports. Malnutrition is widespread in the entire country and rural areas are especially vulnerable to chronic food shortages, malnutrition, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor quality foods, high food costs, and even total lack of food. This phenomenon cuts across all age groups and categories of >> Read more

“Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria”

This paper reviews the constraints hindering growth of agricultural productivity in Nigeria by providing an overview of the policy environment that affects agricultural productivity; establishing how the policy environment affects productivity improvement; and proposing lessons relevant for future research and policymaking to promote productivity growth in Nigeria. NSSP Background Paper 6 by Dayo Phillip, Ephraim >> Read more

“Gender Dimensions of Agriculture, Poverty, Nutrition and Food Security in Nigeria”

Gender analysis focuses on the different roles and responsibilities of women and men and how these affect society, culture, the economy and politics. For example, important differences exist between women and men in their quality of life; in the amount, kind and recognition of work they do; in health and literacy levels; and in their >> Read more

“Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria”

This literature review decentralization and public service delivery in Nigeria, with emphasis on rural service delivery. Nigeria operates a federal system of government, with a central government, 36 state governments and 774 local government councils. In such a multi-level system, fiscal responsibilities are vested in the federal, state and local level governments, resulting in fiscal >> Read more

“Institutional Environment and Access to Microfinance by Self-employed Women in the Rural Areas of Edo State, Nigeria”

The major objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the institutional environment of microfinance and access of rural women to microfinance. Focus group sessions were held with groups of rural women who are clients of formal and informal Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) in Esan Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria. The two >> Read more