NSSP Policy Notes were formerly called NSSP Policy Briefs, but this convention was changed starting with the publication of NSSP Policy Note 22.

“Enhancing Agricultural Productivity and Profitability in Nigeria”

Much of Nigeria’s recent economic growth can be attributed to its non-oil economy—primarily agriculture. But the recent agricultural growth has been driven mainly by expansion in areas planted while productivity has remained flat or declining. This brief provides insight for formulating policies and strategies to enhance profitability and productivity of major crops across Nigeria’s agroecological >> Read more

“Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity”

Malnutrition is widespread in Nigeria, especially in rural areas. Nigerians are vulnerable to chronic food shortages, erratic supply, poor quality food, and fluctuating food prices. The huge investment in ensuring food and nutrition security for Nigerians has had limited success, and therefore, there is a need to review and learn from past interventions. This brief >> Read more

“Quantitative Analysis of Rural Poverty in Nigeria”

In spite of Nigeria’s abundant natural and human resource endowment, poverty remains pervasive, multifaceted, and chronic. Given the most recent data available, it is estimated that approximately 69 million (or 54.4 percent) Nigerians lived in poverty in 2004, an increase of more than 24 percent since 1980. This brief deals with poverty in Nigeria and >> Read more

“Decentralization, Agricultural Services, and Determinants of Input Use in Nigeria”

The substantial differences in agricultural productivity between Asia and Africa can be largely explained by differences in use of modern inputs. The evidence suggests that better access to infrastructure (such as roads and irrigation) and agricultural services has given Asian farmers significantly better access to modern inputs, while Sub-Saharan African farmers without such an access >> Read more

“Improving Research-Policy Linkages in Nigeria”

When there is disconnect between research and policy, high quality research-based information can be produced without impact on policy dialogue and action. This often results in policy actions lagging far behind scientific and academic knowledge, the presence of avoidable inefficiencies in policy design and implementation, and policies that may not fulfill their purpose. While there >> Read more

“Institutional Environment and Access to Microfinance by Self-employed Women in the Rural Areas of Edo State”

In Nigeria, conventional financial institutions serve only about 35 percent of the active population, and the poor, especially women, have limited access to financial services. Private sector-led microfinance institutions (MFIs) are increasingly playing a role to fill this need. This brief provides an overview of the institutional environment of microfinance in Nigeria, as well as >> Read more

“Agricultural Investment for Growth and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria”

The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) includes a target of 6 percent annual agricultural growth, supported by the allocation of at least 10 percent of the national budget for agriculture. The Nigerian government has set a higher growth target of 10 percent annual agricultural growth in the medium term, since the country has already >> Read more

“Enhancing the Competitiveness of Agricultural Commodity Chains in Nigeria”

Nigeria's economic performance since 2002 has improved, with growth averaging about 7.3 percent during 2002–07 (Global insight 2008). While the production of cassava, rice, and maize has responded to the associated improved policy incentives in recent years, factors such as poor infrastructure and limited market outlets have served as great disincentives to farmers. Using household >> Read more

“A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria”

Malnutrition rates among children 0 to 36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical zones, and agro-ecological zones, thereby constituting a significant public health challenge. Using the 2003 National Demographic Health Survey (NDHS) data, this brief discusses the key determinants of child and maternal nutrition >> Read more

“Strategic Issues on Growth in the Agricultural Sector and Reducing Poverty in Nigeria”

Designing agricultural strategies requires an understanding of the options for dealing with growth in the sector, its impact on targeted beneficiaries, and the investment required to achieve the growth. IFPRI’s recent study identified agricultural growth and development options that can support comprehensive rural development in Nigeria, in line with its national agricultural strategy – the >> Read more

“Institutional Capacity for Designing and Implementing Agricultural and Rural Development Policies and Strategies in Nigeria”

An agricultural system consists of production, processing, storage, marketing, extension, research, and training. While production is a result of land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship, its magnitude and efficiency from the farm to the consumer depend on handling, preservation, and the processes of making the products readily available and conveniently consumable, which are directed by government >> Read more

“Demand Characteristics for Rice, Cowpea and Maize Seeds in Nigeria – Policy Implications and Knowledge Gaps”

Demand patterns for improved seed vary significantly among individual farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa because of the different capacity of farmers to overcome various constraints. Understanding these differences is crucial for speeding up the adoption by farmers of improved seed varieties. Although researchers have identified certain factors that explain regional demand differences in Sub-Saharan Africa, little >> Read more

“Transaction Costs and Investment in Irrigation Pumps: Evidence from Nigeria”

Small-scale private irrigation schemes (SPRI) have been the major driving force behind the expansion of irrigated areas in Nigeria, despite government efforts to promote large scale public irrigation schemes. SPRI allows adjustment of irrigation schedules in accordance with observed crop needs1. The irrigated area in Nigeria is, however, far below its potential and an increase >> Read more

“Constraints to Fertilizer Use in Nigeria: Perspectives and Insights from the Agricultural Extension Service”

The importance of agriculture in Nigeria’s economy cannot be understated. Farming and livestock rearing is the main livelihood for over 70 percent of households in the country.  In 2008, agriculture contributed 42 percent of the country’s GDP, significantly higher than the 18 percent derived from petroleum and natural gas production.  However, the country’s promising agricultural >> Read more

“Gender Dimensions of Agriculture, Poverty, Nutrition, and Food Security in Nigeria”

In Nigeria, women are often marginalized in their access to economic, political, and social resources compared to men, rendering them relatively poorer than their male counterparts. Important differences also exist between women and men in their contributions to agriculture, and in poverty, nutrition and food security levels. This review aims to provide insights into the >> Read more

“Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria”

Agriculture is the principal source of food and livelihood in Nigeria, and employs nearly three-quarters of the nation’s work force. Over the past two decades, agricultural yields have stayed the same or declined. Although there has been a recent rise in agricultural productivity, it is derived more from expanded planting areas for staple crops than >> Read more

“From the Ground Up: Impacts of a Pro-Poor Community Driven Development Project in Nigeria”

Poverty remains entrenched in Nigeria, where 70 percent of the rural population lives below the poverty line. In response, the Nigerian government launched the Second National Fadama Development Project (Fadama II) in 2005. Based on the community-driven development (CDD) approach, the project aims to generate income for beneficiaries, empower local communities, and improve the way >> Read more

“Nigeria Agriculture Public Expenditure Review”

Most of Nigeria’s poor reside in rural areas and gain their livelihood from agricultural work. If the government’s poverty reduction goals are to be achieved, Nigeria will need an adequate level of strategically targeted investments in agriculture to upgrade rural infrastructure, boost productivity, and increase competitiveness. Before effective investment programs can be designed and implemented, >> Read more

“Towards a pro-poor agricultural growth strategy in Nigeria”

Agriculture remains a major sector for the Nigerian economy. The majority of Nigerians rely on agriculture for their livelihood. It is increasingly evident that improved agricultural development and growth can offer a pathway from poverty, but evidence-based policies and strategies are needed. Nigeria’s agricultural policies have been inconsistent, uncoordinated and ad hoc. Such agricultural policies >> Read more