Please join us for a preliminary research seminar (brownbag) presented by IFPRI Research Fellow, Dr. Hiroyuki Takeshima, titled "Nigeria’s Mechanization Gap: The current state of agricultural mechanization in Nigeria," featuring his recent work on the topic. The brownbag will cover regional trends in ag mechanization in Nigeria and lessons learned from Asia and Latin America. For the full abstract, see below.
Date: Tuesday, May 14, 2013
Time: 2:00PM - 3:30PM
Venue: IFDC Conference Room
No 6/Plot 1413 Ogbagi Street
Off Oro-Ago Crescent
Cadastral Zone II
(Near old CBN building and behind Union Homes)
RSVP: Please email firstname.lastname@example.org by Monday, the 13th of May to confirm your attendance
Anecdotal evidence indicates rising labor costs for farming in Nigeria, while the level of mechanization remains low. Information is scarce regarding which types of farm households are using mechanization in Nigeria and the potential demand for mechanization services among farmers. In this seminar, we will present key patterns of agricultural mechanization in Nigeria, particularly the use of tractors for land preparation. We will also briefly summarize the key lessons for Nigeria based on the past agricultural mechanization patterns in Asia and Latin America. In empirical analyses, we apply cluster analysis method to Living Standard Measurement Survey – Integrated Survey on Agriculture in Nigeria to identify association between mechanization and farm household types. We then simulate agricultural household model to assess potential demand for mechanization services in Southern Nigeria. We find the following: (1) Current tractor use is associated with input intensive crop production; (2) Tractor use in the Northern Nigeria is associated with increased non-farm income earning activities rather than area expansion and is emerging, albeit slowly, across many farm household types; (3) Tractor use in the South is highly concentrated among medium scale rice producers; (4) Potential demand may exist for mechanized land preparation among small-holder farmers growing staple crops in Southern Nigeria, but scale may be an issue; (5) Historically, in Asia and Latin America, increased use of tractors follow the steps of massive private-sector importation of tractors and spare parts: private sector led development of supply network of tractors, spare parts, repair service, gradual development of domestic manufacturing of simple parts through fabrication, and finally manufacturing of whole machines. We will conclude the presentation with the discussions of future research needs and key policy issues.
For an example of Hiro's work, take a look at this paper in progress: Mechanization and Agricultural Technology Evolution, Agricultural Intensification in Sub-Saharan Africa: Typology of Agricultural Mechanization in Nigeria