This review presented the nature, extent, and determinants of rural poverty and the various policies, projects and programs that have been implemented to reduce poverty in Nigeria from other studies. It was revealed that in spite of the different approaches and attempts to reduce poverty in Nigeria, poverty has risen. While the poverty incidence dropped between 1996 and 2004, there was however more poor persons in Nigeria in 2004 than in 1996. Most of the less privileged, who are supposed to benefit from targeted interventions, never get the benefits that accrue to the unintended beneficiaries who are not poor. In addition, this increasing trend in poverty may be connected with the lack of self-will by the government to execute its programs, continuity, and sustainability, and corruption among government officials. Finally, good governance is required for macroeconomic growth and stability to be achieved, the development of human capital, and adequate targeting of interventions. Hence, this present civilian regime must strive at providing a transparently honest and good leadership that will cooperate and support all agencies concerned with poverty reduction in Nigeria.
By Bolarin T. Omonona