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New Publication by NSSP Senior Research Assistant Margaret Adesugba

2014 October 21
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by imasias

The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) is pleased to announce the publication of Economic Value of Livestock Loss on Pastoralists’ Livelihood:  An Analysis of Ethiopian Pastoralist Households by NSSP Senior Research Assistant Margaret Abiodun Adesugba, in the Journal of Research in Agriculture and Animal Science (Vol. 2 Issue 7). The article was published in August 2014.

Abstract: This study estimates the value of livestock loss among Ethiopian Highland pastoralists using a method of valuation that explores their willingness to pay to prevent livestock loss should a disaster occur from the marginal productivities of the breeds that they keep. The theoretical linear household production model motivates the study since it explains households profit maximizing behavior given certain constraints. A normal linear model was estimated using Bayesian methodology with Gibbs sampling algorithm to get the marginal productivities of the two genetic resources namely; local and cross breed cows that the household use as animate inputs which is fundamental for the valuation exercise. Crossbred cows had higher marginal productivity than local breeds as expected. The value of economic loss from both the cross breed and local cows was calculated as $34,332,395,932.65 and $38,720,845,644.67 in 2012 value respectively. The amount of loss has a ripple effect that spreads from the household level to the National level and that the marginal productivities of the breeds that households keep influences the number of improved breeds that they own and also reflects the non-traded value.

IFPRI releases the 2014 Global Hunger Index

2014 October 15
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by imasias

Global_Hunger_Index_2014_240The 2014 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report—the ninth in an annual series—presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger. It shows that the world has made progress in reducing hunger since 1990, but still has far to go, with levels of hunger remaining “alarming” or “extremely alarming” in 16 countries.

This year’s report focuses on a critical aspect of hunger that is often overlooked: hidden hunger. Also known as micronutrient deficiency, hidden hunger affects more than an estimated 2 billion people globally. The repercussions of these vitamin and mineral deficiencies are both serious and long-lasting. Where hidden hunger has taken root, it not only prevents people from surviving and thriving as productive members of society, it also holds countries back in a cycle of poor nutrition, poor health, lost productivity, persistent poverty, and reduced economic growth.

Nigeria has steadily been reducing it's GHI score since 1990, but the severity of hunger in the country remains classified as "serious" according to the report. While Nigeria is preforming better than Sub-Saharan Africa as whole, it has only surpassed Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Sierra Leone in West Africa. This is partially due to the increased violence in the northern Nigeria as displaced populations and their host communities face a higher risk of food insecurity, malnutrition, and epidemics.

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Inauguration of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda Policy Working Group

2014 October 9
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by imasias

Dr. George Mavrotas, NSSP Program Leader, delivering a goodwill speech in support of the goals of the ATA Policy Working Group.

Dr. George Mavrotas, NSSP Program Leader, delivering a goodwill speech in support of the goals of the ATA Policy Working Group.

The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) inaugurated the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) Policy Working Group with a two-day high-level workshop on September 15-16th, 2014. The event was attended by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Minister of State, the Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture for the Senate and the Chairman of the House of Representatives, the Chief Economic Adviser to the President, and other high level government officials. In support of the creation of the ATA Policy Working Group, the Nigeria Strategy Support Program’s Leader, Dr. George Mavrotas, joined donors and other key stakeholders in offering IFPRI’s support to the goals of the ATA Policy Working Group through a goodwill speech.

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Capacity Assessment of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda

2014 October 9
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by imasias

Africa Lead and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) carried out a study in 2012 to assess the capacity needs of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD). The study entitled, Assessment of Nigeria Agriculture Transformation Agenda (ATA) and Capacity Building Needs, identified key areas that required strengthening with the FMARD in order to efficiently implement the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA). On September 10th, 2014 a meeting at the FMARD was convened to share the findings of the Africa Lead/IFPRI report along with other studies conducted by Monitor Deloitte and ActionAid Nigeria to key members of the FMARD and the donor community in support of the FMARD’s efforts to create a 5-year work plan to address these issues.

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Mainstreaming Nutrition into the Agricultural Transformation Agenda

2014 October 9
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by imasias

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Dr. Todd Benson presenting at the National Capacity Building Workshop on Mainstreaming Food and Nutrition Security into Agricultural Policies, Programmes, and Value Chains. Photo: ©IFPRI/Ian Masias

The Honorable Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Federal Government of Nigeria has articulated the need for the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) to unlock Nigeria’s potential to improve availability and access to nutritious foods in order to improve food and nutrition security through agriculture. As a result, a two-day National Capacity Building Workshop on Mainstreaming Food and Nutrition Security into Agricultural Policies, Programmes and Value Chains was held in Abuja on August 27th and 28th, 2014. The workshop was organized by the Nutrition Transformation Value Chain (NTVC) team and coordinated by the Senior Advisor to the Honorable Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on Food Security and Nutrition, Dr. Victor Ajieroh.

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NSSP Welcomes Dr. George Mavrotas as Program Leader

2014 October 8
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by imasias

mavrotas (1)

Photo: © Kwan Choi.

The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) is pleased to announce the appointment of a new Program Leader, Dr. George Mavrotas. Dr. Mavrotas has a dual appointment as a Senior Research Fellow with the Development Strategy and Governance Division of the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington DC and as the Program Leader of the Nigeria Strategy Support Program in our Abuja office.

Dr. George Mavrotas is a leading development economist with more than 25 years of experience in international development. He is a renowned scholar and expert in the overall nexus between macroeconomics and development finance, including the macroeconomics of foreign aid effectiveness and domestic resource mobilization, financial sector development and poverty reduction. Other research interests include primary commodity markets and natural resources, agricultural policies, human capital development (with an emphasis on the economics of education & training) as well as international migration and urbanization and development. He has extensive developing country experience (particularly in Africa and Asia) and worked in multi-cultural environments for many years. Other current honorary appointments include a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp, a Senior Fellow at the Foundation for International Development Study and Research (Ferdi, France), an External Research Associate at the Oxford Centre for the Analysis of the Resource Rich Economies (OxCarre) of the Department of Economics, University of Oxford, and an Associate Fellow at the Centre of Regional Integration Studies of the United Nations University in Bruges. He has also served as a member in various international committees on development issues and as an advisor to many international organizations.

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New Publication: Tractor Owner-Operators in Nigeria

2014 October 8
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by imasias
The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) is pleased to announce the publication of Tractor Owner-Operators in Nigeria by Hiroyuki Takeshima, Hyacinth Edeh, Akeem Lawal, and Moshud Isiaka as the 1355th publication in the IFPRI Discussion Paper Series. The IFPRI Discussion Paper was published on June 20, 2014.

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Abstract: Agricultural mechanization is integral to agricultural transformation in countries like Nigeria. Despite the perceived rise in farm labor costs, most farmers still rely on manual labor or draught animals for farming activities, and tractor users are limited. In Nigeria, private tractor owners, rather than government hiring service units, provide a majority of plowing service. Unlike other more scale-neutral inputs, such as fertilizer and improved seeds, significant economies of scale may exist in tractors, which may justify certain public interventions. Understanding the characteristics of tractor service providers is therefore essential in designing an appropriate agricultural mechanization policy. However, information regarding the nature of tractor service provisions is scarce, especially in countries like Nigeria. This paper presents results of a small survey of tractor owner-operators conducted in Kaduna and Nasarawa states in Nigeria. Following are the key findings from simple descriptive statistics: (1) owner-operators who buy tractors from the private market or from private individuals are more efficient than those who receive tractors through government programs, providing services to a greater area at lower costs, including during the off-peak season; (2) providing access to a wider range of tractor horse powers may improve efficiency over diverse soil types; (3) similar to some Asian countries in the 1980s, tractor operations are mostly concentrated in interviewees’ local home districts, though a fraction form groups and serve in distant locations to earn greater revenues. This paper concludes with a discussion of some policy implications.

New Publication: Tenure Security and Demand for Land Tenure Regularization in Nigeria

2014 October 8
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by imasias
The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) is pleased to announce the publication of Tenure Security and Demand for Land Tenure Regularization in Nigeria by Hosaena Ghebru Hagos, Hyacinth Edeh, Daniel Ali, Klaus Deininger, Austen Okumo, and Sileshi Woldeyohannes as the 25th publication in the NSSP Working Paper Series. The working paper was published on May 14, 2014.

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Abstract: In line with the conventional view that customary land rights impede agricultural development, the traditional tenure system in Nigeria has been perceived to obstruct the achievement of efficient development and agricultural transformation. This led to the Land Use Act (LUA) of 1978. As a remedial measure to the perceived inadequacy of the traditional tenure system, the act nationalized the control of all land, empowering state governors and local governments with administration and management of land. The act conferred on state governors the custodian right to provide use rights (i.e., the ‘right of occupancy’) for land users in their state, dissolving any possessory (freehold) rights to land which were granted by the customary system.

Upcoming Seminar on Credit Rationing – August 21st in Abuja

2014 August 20
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by imasias

On behalf of IFPRI Nigeria, I am pleased to invite you to attend a seminar about credit rationing in the agricultural sector on August 21st in Abuja. The seminar, titled "Agricultural Finance Renaissance in Nigeria and Emerging Patterns of Credit Rationing" will be presented by IFPRI Senior Economist/Consultant Dr. Aderibigbe Olomola. During the seminar you will learn more about the reforms in agricultural financing since the early 2000s, the extent of credit rationing on farmers, and the factors influencing this practice.

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IFPRI Nigeria Hiring Research Assistant/Senior Research Assistant

2014 May 23
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by imasias

Job Description

Job Title: Research Assistant/Senior Research Assistant Application Deadline:
Job Category: Research Department: DSGD
Location: Abuja, Nigeria Appointment Duration: 1 Year
Job Code: FO14-010 Position Type: Renewable
Recruitment Type: Local US FLSA Status:
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Upcoming Seminar on Land Degradation – June 9th in Abuja

2014 May 23
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by imasias

On behalf of IFPRI Nigeria, I am pleased to invite you to attend a seminar about land degradation on June 9th in Abuja. The seminar, titled "Who Bears the Burden of the Cost of Land Degradation? Global Assessment of the Cost of Land Degradation & Policy Implications," will be presented by IFPRI Senior Research Fellow Dr. Ephraim Nkonya. During the seminar you will learn more about the costs of action and inaction against land degradation and it's implications for the local and global community. read more...

Importance of rice research and development in rice seed policies

2014 April 30
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by unischan

Seed is an important input in agriculture. Appropriate seed policy enables the supply of good varieties to farmers at a low cost. Thus, improved seed-sector functions, including seed subsidies, effective regulations, certifications, and efficient private-sector participation, receive significant attention. Relatively less attention, however, has been given to the suitability of varieties that various seed-sector policies try to disseminate. For countries like Nigeria, where agricultural research and development (R&D) has long been incapacitated, seed-sector policies may often have insufficient outcomes, not so much because of the efficiency of those policies but mostly because varieties being promoted are outdated (even though they are called improved varieties) or suitable only in certain environments but not in most of the other areas with diverse agroecological conditions.

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This paper addresses these issues using rice in Nigeria as an example. First, this paper shows that rice varietal development in Nigeria has been lagging behind that of other developing countries in Asia and Latin America, due partly to insufficient investment in domestic rice R&D. The paper then illustrates using a household model simulation that impacts of certain policies, such as the seed subsidy, may be greater (smaller) if they are applied to good (poor) varieties. The paper concludes by discussing key policy implications and future research needs.

CANCELLED: Upcoming Seminar on Women’s Land Rights May 8th in Abuja

2014 April 23
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by unischan

Due to the planned increase in security for the WEFA Conference and the governments plans to shutdown during this time, we are cancelling the May seminar on Women's Land Rights. We regret any inconvenience this may have caused. 

The seminar, titled "Women's Land Rights and Intra-household Bargaining Power: Perception and Practice of Inheritance in Nigeria," will be presented by IFPRI Associate Research Fellow, Dr. Hosaena Ghebru. During the seminar you will learn more about women's access to land through the inheritance system in Nigeria.

Source: IFPRI Nigeria

Source: IFPRI Nigeria

Date: Thursday, May 8, 2014
Time: 2:00PM - 4:00PM
Venue:  IFDC/IFPRI Conference Room No 6/Plot 1413 Ogbagi Street Off Oro-Ago Crescent Cadastral Zone II, Garki, Abuja Nigeria (Near old CBN building and behind Union Homes)
RSVP: Email a.y.bashir@cgiar.org before the 6th of May. We apologize, but we are unable to provide transportation stipends to attend this event.

Abstract:

Looking at inheritance patterns over three generations of individuals, the study examines women's access to land in Nigeria using inheritance information to compare: (i) male and female respondents, and their siblings (1st generation); (ii) wives and their husbands (2nd generation); and (iii) daughters and sons of the respondent household (3rd generation). For this purpose, detailed survey data (on practice and perception/expectation of inheritance) from 4000 households in two LGAs from Ondo State was used. Controlling for a large number of factors, including location, household demography, religion and tribe, we find robust evidence that women, both in the respondents and their children generation, are less likely to inherit land from their respective parents. Looking at the dynamics of inheritance, results show a slight improvement is observed over time. Results also show that women are more likely to receive land inheritance from their mothers than fathers while mother's education has a  positive effect on women's chance of inheritance. Results also show that Women are more likely to receive land inheritance from their mothers than fathers while mother's education has positive effect women chance of inheritance.

Bio:

Dr. Hosaena Ghebru is a Post-doctoral Fellow with the Development Strategy and Governance Division at IFPRI. He earned his PhD in Economics with specialization in Development Economics from the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. His principal areas of research are on the economics of land tenure and land policy reforms, the causes and consequences of land rental market participation; measurements of rural poverty and vulnerability, welfare and productivity impacts land tenure reforms. Currently, he is leading (involved in) projects on impact evaluation of land tenure and administration reforms in Nigeria, Ghana, Mozambique, Ethiopia, and (Tanzania) and is a project manager for the Global Partnership for Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF).

RESCHEDULED: Seminar on Youth Employment Now April 30th in Abuja

2014 April 14
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by unischan

Due to unforeseen travel issues the April installment of IFPRI Nigeria's Monthly Seminar Series is rescheduled for next Wednesday, April 30th.

Join us for the April installment of IFPRI Nigeria's Monthly Seminar Series. This month we are excited to have IFPRI Senior Research Fellow/NSSP Program Leader, Dr. Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong, presenting on the very timely topic of Youth Employment. In the seminar, titled "Agricultural Transformation and Youth Employment in Africa: Nigerian Case Study," Dr. Gyimah-Brempong will discuss his current research on youth employment in Nigeria and how agriculture can play a role in mitigating unemployment. For the full abstract, please see below.

vulnerabilityDate: Wednesday, April 30, 2014

Time: 2:00PM - 3:30PM

Venue: IFDC/IFPRI Conference Room No 6/Plot 1413 Ogbagi Street Off Oro-Ago Crescent Cadastral Zone II, Garki, Abuja Nigeria (Near old CBN building and behind Union Homes)

RSVP: Email a.y.bashir@cgiar.org before the 29th of April. read more...

Upcoming APRNet Seminar on Climate Change Risks next Thursday in Abuja

2014 April 4
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by unischan

APRNet

Join us next Thursday for the first edition of APRNet's Policy Seminar series. The objective of this new series is to provide APRNet members a unique opportunity to disseminate significant policy research to and receive feedback from the relevant audience. The Policy Seminar series is one instrument for achieving APRNet’s strategic mission of "connecting research and policy". read more...

Upcoming Seminar on Agricultural Mechanization in Zaria on Monday

2014 March 19
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by unischan

The National Agriculture Extension Research Liaison Services and Ahmadu Bello University are hosting a seminar featuring IFPRI Research Fellow, Dr. Hiroyuki Takeshima, next Monday in Zaria. In the seminar, titled "Characteristics of tractor-owner operators in Kaduna and Nasarawa states and their implications to agricultural mechanization policies in Nigeria," Dr. Takeshima will present his recent work on agricultural mechanization, focused on tractors. For details and the full abstract, please see below.

Source: Hiroyuki Takeshima

Source: Hiroyuki Takeshima

Date: Monday, March 24, 2014

Time: 10:00AM - 11:30AM

Venue: Main Conference Hall, National Agricultural Extension Research & Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. read more...

IFPRI Nigeria Hiring Research Assistant/Senior Research Assistant

2014 March 17
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by unischan
Job Description
 
Job Title: Research Assistant/Senior Research Assistant   Application Deadline:  
Job Category: Research   Department: DSGD
Location: Abuja, Nigeria   Appointment Duration: 1 Year
Job Code: FO14-006   Position Type: Renewable
Recruitment Type: Local   US FLSA Status: Not applicable

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Upcoming Feedback Seminar on Agriculture Public Expenditure Review (AgPER) Project

2014 March 13
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by unischan

As you may know, IFPRI has been working with the World Bank on an Agriculture Public Expenditure Review (AgPER) in Nigeria.  The purpose of the 2013 review is to get a better understanding of how public funds are being spent on the agricultural sector at the Federal and sub-national levels. This understanding will feed into the Agriculture Development Policy Operation (AgDPO) in support of the Agriculture Transformation Agenda (ATA). naira

The review examines agricultural policies and development priorities, size and composition of agricultural public expenditure as well as effectiveness and efficiency of agriculture public expenditure at the Federal, State and Local government levels from 2000 to 2012. The cross-tier fiscal and planning relationships between federal and sub-national levels are also examined with particular attention on the mechanisms for fiscal cooperation and agricultural expenditure coordination. read more...

Upcoming Research Seminar on Rice Markets and Trade – March 14th in Abuja

2014 March 10
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by unischan

Please join us on March 14th in Abuja for the next installment of IFPRI Nigeria's Monthly Seminar Series. This month we are pleased to have Dr. Paul Dorosh, Director of the Development Strategy and Governance Division, visiting from IFPRI Washington, he and the Program Leader, Dr. Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong will present their collaborative work on rice trade policy. In the seminar, titled "Rice Markets and Trade: An International Perspective," Dr. Dorosh and Dr. Gyimah-Brempong will discuss the effects of rice trade policy from an international perspective and take a look at how these trade policies perform in meeting the goal of self-sufficiency. For details and the full abstract, please see below.

Source: IFPRI Nigeria

Source: IFPRI Nigeria

Date: Friday, March 14, 2014

Time: 10:00AM - 11:30AM

Venue: IFDC/IFPRI Conference Room No 6/Plot 1413 Ogbagi Street Off Oro-Ago Crescent Cadastral Zone II, Garki, Abuja Nigeria (Near old CBN building and behind Union Homes)

RSVP: Email u.nischan@cgiar.org before the 13th of March. read more...

Upcoming Research Seminar Hosted by IFDC – February 6th in Abuja

2014 February 5
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by unischan

The International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC) Nigeria kindly asked us to share information about their seminar this Thursday. The seminar will feature the Executive Director of the Virtual Fertilizer Research Center (VFRC), Dr. Prem Bindraban. The Virtual Fertilizer Research Center's (VFRC) work is focused on finding innovative fertilizers and technologies to leapfrog the socio-economic and environmental problems facing many countries. Please join us Thursday to hear Dr. Bindraban discuss a new way to think about fertilizer. For the details and full abstract, see below.

Date: Thursday, February 6, 2014
Time: 2:00PM - 3:30 PM
Venue: IFDC/IFPRI Conference Room read more...