Good nutrition is the bedrock of human well-being. Before birth and throughout infancy, good nutrition allows brain functioning to evolve without impairment and immune systems to develop more robustly. For young children, good nutrition status averts death and equips the body to grow and develop to its full potential. Over the course of the human lifespan, it leads to more effective learning at school, better-nourished mothers who give birth to better-nourished children, and adults who are likelier to be productive and earn higher wages. In middle age, it gives people metabolisms that are better prepared to ward off the diseases associated with changes in diet and physical activity. Without good nutrition, people’s lives and livelihoods are built on quicksand.
Good nutrition is also central to the sustainable development agenda that is taking shape in the form of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) now under discussion. Inherently sustaining, good nutrition flows throughout the life cycle and across the generations. It promotes individual resilience in the face of shocks and uncertainties generated by climate change and extreme price fluctuations. It supports the generation of innovations needed to meet the joint challenge of improving the lives of current and future generations in ways that are environmentally sustainable.
This Global Nutrition Report is the first in an annual series. It tracks worldwide progress in improving nutrition status, identifies bottlenecks to change, highlights opportunities for action, and contributes to strengthened nutrition accountability. The report series was created through a commitment of the signatories of the Nutrition for Growth Summit in 2013. It is supported by a wide-ranging group of stakeholders and delivered by an Independent Group of Experts in partnership with a large number of external contributors.
New Publication: Capacity Assessment for Achieving the Agricultural Transformation Agenda in Nigeria, NSSP Working Paper No. 26
NSSP Participates in the Strategic Planning Workshop for Capacity Development of FMARD (October 20-24, 2014)
In 2012, IFPRI and Africa Lead, at the request of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) and USAID, prepared a report to map the key institutions/organizations which would drive the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) and identify their capacity development needs in order to ensure that the goals of the ATA will be achieved. More importantly, this report was to set in place a structure, process and habit of thought and analysis that would lead to better designed, delivered, and measured agriculture programs in Nigeria leading to greater agriculture productivity and food security over the long run. In response to this report, FMARD conducted a five-day Strategic Planning Workshop on Capacity Development from October 20th-24th, 2014 to prepare the building blocks for a structured and prioritized five-year capacity development plan.
The Nigerian Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in collaboration with the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) celebrated the 2014 World Food Day between the 13th and 16th of October with a series of activities. On October 15th, a National Agricultural Show was held in Tudun Wada, Nasarawa State to showcase agricultural products and the various endeavors of agricultural organizations and associations in furthering the development of agricultural sectors. Amongst the many organizations present were the National Veterinary Research Institute, Nigeria Institute for Oil Palm Research, National Cereals Research Institute, National Horticultural Research Institute, National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS).
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) alongside the International Fertilizer Development Centre (IFDC) held a joint exhibit at the event. Nigeria Strategy Support Program's (NSSP) Senior Research Assistant, Motunrayo Oyeyemi, informed attendants on IFPRI's mission to provide research-based policy solutions that sustainably reduce poverty and end hunger and malnutrition and NSSP's aims to: 1) enhance knowledge through information, data, and tools for the analysis, design, and implementation of pro-poor, gender-sensitive, and environmentally sustainable agricultural and rural development polices and strategies in Nigeria; 2) strengthen the capacity of government agencies, research institutions, and others to carry out and use applied research for agricultural and rural polices and strategies; and 3) improve communication between policymakers, policy analysts, and those who benefit from agricultural and rural development policy. In addition, Dr. George Mavrotas, Program Leader of NSSP, and Dr. Yemisi Kuku-Shittu, Associate Research Fellow, attended the 2014 World Food Day Symposium held in Abuja.
The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) is pleased to announce the publication of Determinants of Agro-Dealers’ Participation in the Loan Market in Nigeria by Professor Aderibigbe Olomola, Senior Economist/Consultant for NSSP in the International Food and Agribusiness Management Review (Vol. 17 Issue. 3). The publication was published in September 2014.
Abstract: Agro-dealership financing deserves policy attention if agro-dealers are to contribute to the success of the ongoing agricultural transformation in Nigeria. Thus, this study seeks to (i) examine the issues influencing the decisions of agro-dealers to participate in the loan market, (ii) analyze the demand for business loan by the agro-dealers and (iii) articulate policy measures for sustainable financing of agro-input business enterprises in Nigeria. The study employed primary data collected through structured questionnaires from 300 agro-dealers and used a Tobit type-II model for the analysis. The results show that interest rate, debt, value of asset, membership of trading association and source of credit are major determinants of loan demand. Agro-dealers need to organize themselves into input trading associations to enhance their creditworthiness and unleash the inherent social capital and information advantages for improved agro-dealership financing. Moreover, diversification of product coverage by agro-dealers and a value-chain approach that links internal financing in the form of trade credit within the agro-input sector with external financing from the commercial banks are strongly recommended.
The Nigeria Strategy Support Program’s Senior Economist/Consultant, Professor Aderibigbe Olomola, and Senior Research Assistant, Margaret Adesugba, presented their paper titled, “Transforming Nigerian Agriculture in the Context of a Green Economy: Financing Challenges, Opportunities and Mechanisms,” at the 15th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Association of Agricultural Economists held at Niger Delta University (Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State) on October 13th, 2014.
Although the agricultural sector has demonstrated improved performance since the inception of the Argricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) in 2011, financing bottlenecks remain; and the major concern is the lack of emphasis on green finance. The paper advocates for financing mechanisms to support a transformation agenda that moves agriculture away from activities that are nature degrading and environment polluting to those that are nature preserving and environment friendly. It argues that an agricultural financing framework to engender a green economy in Nigeria must be pursued within the context of sustainable development and poverty alleviation in which the integration between economic, social and environmental pillars of development are recognized and reinforced. Specifically, the paper examines the gaps between agricultural transformation and green finance in Nigeria, identifies the constraints and opportunities for green agriculture financing and articulates appropriate financing mechanisms. These include value chain financing to support integrated farming systems, support for organic agriculture by NIRSAL, financing of product and agricultural system certification, financing the monitoring of natural resource exploitation and restoration, financing the development of climate change buffers, inter-agency collaboration in financing desert encroachment and restoration of degraded land and mainstreaming green finance in the implementation of the staple crop processing zone component of ATA. In conclusion, the paper calls for the crafting of a “green-print” for a green agricultural economy – a well-informed policy layout for greening agricultural growth in Nigeria with an implementation plan to serve as the solid investment foundation required for the industrialization of the Nigerian economy.
The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) is pleased to announce the publication of Economic Value of Livestock Loss on Pastoralists’ Livelihood: An Analysis of Ethiopian Pastoralist Households by NSSP Senior Research Assistant Margaret Abiodun Adesugba, in the Journal of Research in Agriculture and Animal Science (Vol. 2 Issue 7). The article was published in August 2014.
Abstract: This study estimates the value of livestock loss among Ethiopian Highland pastoralists using a method of valuation that explores their willingness to pay to prevent livestock loss should a disaster occur from the marginal productivities of the breeds that they keep. The theoretical linear household production model motivates the study since it explains households profit maximizing behavior given certain constraints. A normal linear model was estimated using Bayesian methodology with Gibbs sampling algorithm to get the marginal productivities of the two genetic resources namely; local and cross breed cows that the household use as animate inputs which is fundamental for the valuation exercise. Crossbred cows had higher marginal productivity than local breeds as expected. The value of economic loss from both the cross breed and local cows was calculated as $34,332,395,932.65 and $38,720,845,644.67 in 2012 value respectively. The amount of loss has a ripple effect that spreads from the household level to the National level and that the marginal productivities of the breeds that households keep influences the number of improved breeds that they own and also reflects the non-traded value.
The 2014 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report—the ninth in an annual series—presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger. It shows that the world has made progress in reducing hunger since 1990, but still has far to go, with levels of hunger remaining “alarming” or “extremely alarming” in 16 countries.
This year’s report focuses on a critical aspect of hunger that is often overlooked: hidden hunger. Also known as micronutrient deficiency, hidden hunger affects more than an estimated 2 billion people globally. The repercussions of these vitamin and mineral deficiencies are both serious and long-lasting. Where hidden hunger has taken root, it not only prevents people from surviving and thriving as productive members of society, it also holds countries back in a cycle of poor nutrition, poor health, lost productivity, persistent poverty, and reduced economic growth.
Nigeria has steadily been reducing it's GHI score since 1990, but the severity of hunger in the country remains classified as "serious" according to the report. While Nigeria is preforming better than Sub-Saharan Africa as whole, it has only surpassed Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Sierra Leone in West Africa. This is partially due to the increased violence in the northern Nigeria as displaced populations and their host communities face a higher risk of food insecurity, malnutrition, and epidemics.
The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) inaugurated the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) Policy Working Group with a two-day high-level workshop on September 15-16th, 2014. The event was attended by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Minister of State, the Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture for the Senate and the Chairman of the House of Representatives, the Chief Economic Adviser to the President, and other high level government officials. In support of the creation of the ATA Policy Working Group, the Nigeria Strategy Support Program’s Leader, Dr. George Mavrotas, joined donors and other key stakeholders in offering IFPRI’s support to the goals of the ATA Policy Working Group through a goodwill speech.
Africa Lead and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) carried out a study in 2012 to assess the capacity needs of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD). The study entitled, Assessment of Nigeria Agriculture Transformation Agenda (ATA) and Capacity Building Needs, identified key areas that required strengthening with the FMARD in order to efficiently implement the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA). On September 10th, 2014 a meeting at the FMARD was convened to share the findings of the Africa Lead/IFPRI report along with other studies conducted by Monitor Deloitte and ActionAid Nigeria to key members of the FMARD and the donor community in support of the FMARD’s efforts to create a 5-year work plan to address these issues.
The Honorable Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Federal Government of Nigeria has articulated the need for the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) to unlock Nigeria’s potential to improve availability and access to nutritious foods in order to improve food and nutrition security through agriculture. As a result, a two-day National Capacity Building Workshop on Mainstreaming Food and Nutrition Security into Agricultural Policies, Programmes and Value Chains was held in Abuja on August 27th and 28th, 2014. The workshop was organized by the Nutrition Transformation Value Chain (NTVC) team and coordinated by the Senior Advisor to the Honorable Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on Food Security and Nutrition, Dr. Victor Ajieroh.
The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) is pleased to announce the appointment of a new Program Leader, Dr. George Mavrotas. Dr. Mavrotas has a dual appointment as a Senior Research Fellow with the Development Strategy and Governance Division of the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington DC and as the Program Leader of the Nigeria Strategy Support Program in our Abuja office.
Dr. George Mavrotas is a leading development economist with more than 25 years of experience in international development. He is a renowned scholar and expert in the overall nexus between macroeconomics and development finance, including the macroeconomics of foreign aid effectiveness and domestic resource mobilization, financial sector development and poverty reduction. Other research interests include primary commodity markets and natural resources, agricultural policies, human capital development (with an emphasis on the economics of education & training) as well as international migration and urbanization and development. He has extensive developing country experience (particularly in Africa and Asia) and worked in multi-cultural environments for many years. Other current honorary appointments include a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp, a Senior Fellow at the Foundation for International Development Study and Research (Ferdi, France), an External Research Associate at the Oxford Centre for the Analysis of the Resource Rich Economies (OxCarre) of the Department of Economics, University of Oxford, and an Associate Fellow at the Centre of Regional Integration Studies of the United Nations University in Bruges. He has also served as a member in various international committees on development issues and as an advisor to many international organizations.
On behalf of IFPRI Nigeria, I am pleased to invite you to attend a seminar about credit rationing in the agricultural sector on August 21st in Abuja. The seminar, titled "Agricultural Finance Renaissance in Nigeria and Emerging Patterns of Credit Rationing" will be presented by IFPRI Senior Economist/Consultant Dr. Aderibigbe Olomola. During the seminar you will learn more about the reforms in agricultural financing since the early 2000s, the extent of credit rationing on farmers, and the factors influencing this practice.
|Job Title:||Research Assistant/Senior Research Assistant||Application Deadline:|
|Location:||Abuja, Nigeria||Appointment Duration:||1 Year|
|Job Code:||FO14-010||Position Type:||Renewable|
|Recruitment Type:||Local||US FLSA Status:|
On behalf of IFPRI Nigeria, I am pleased to invite you to attend a seminar about land degradation on June 9th in Abuja. The seminar, titled "Who Bears the Burden of the Cost of Land Degradation? Global Assessment of the Cost of Land Degradation & Policy Implications," will be presented by IFPRI Senior Research Fellow Dr. Ephraim Nkonya. During the seminar you will learn more about the costs of action and inaction against land degradation and it's implications for the local and global community. read more...
Seed is an important input in agriculture. Appropriate seed policy enables the supply of good varieties to farmers at a low cost. Thus, improved seed-sector functions, including seed subsidies, effective regulations, certifications, and efficient private-sector participation, receive significant attention. Relatively less attention, however, has been given to the suitability of varieties that various seed-sector policies try to disseminate. For countries like Nigeria, where agricultural research and development (R&D) has long been incapacitated, seed-sector policies may often have insufficient outcomes, not so much because of the efficiency of those policies but mostly because varieties being promoted are outdated (even though they are called improved varieties) or suitable only in certain environments but not in most of the other areas with diverse agroecological conditions.
This paper addresses these issues using rice in Nigeria as an example. First, this paper shows that rice varietal development in Nigeria has been lagging behind that of other developing countries in Asia and Latin America, due partly to insufficient investment in domestic rice R&D. The paper then illustrates using a household model simulation that impacts of certain policies, such as the seed subsidy, may be greater (smaller) if they are applied to good (poor) varieties. The paper concludes by discussing key policy implications and future research needs.
Due to the planned increase in security for the WEFA Conference and the governments plans to shutdown during this time, we are cancelling the May seminar on Women's Land Rights. We regret any inconvenience this may have caused.
The seminar, titled "Women's Land Rights and Intra-household Bargaining Power: Perception and Practice of Inheritance in Nigeria," will be presented by IFPRI Associate Research Fellow, Dr. Hosaena Ghebru. During the seminar you will learn more about women's access to land through the inheritance system in Nigeria.
Date: Thursday, May 8, 2014
Time: 2:00PM - 4:00PM
Venue: IFDC/IFPRI Conference Room No 6/Plot 1413 Ogbagi Street Off Oro-Ago Crescent Cadastral Zone II, Garki, Abuja Nigeria (Near old CBN building and behind Union Homes)
RSVP: Email firstname.lastname@example.org before the 6th of May. We apologize, but we are unable to provide transportation stipends to attend this event.
Looking at inheritance patterns over three generations of individuals, the study examines women's access to land in Nigeria using inheritance information to compare: (i) male and female respondents, and their siblings (1st generation); (ii) wives and their husbands (2nd generation); and (iii) daughters and sons of the respondent household (3rd generation). For this purpose, detailed survey data (on practice and perception/expectation of inheritance) from 4000 households in two LGAs from Ondo State was used. Controlling for a large number of factors, including location, household demography, religion and tribe, we find robust evidence that women, both in the respondents and their children generation, are less likely to inherit land from their respective parents. Looking at the dynamics of inheritance, results show a slight improvement is observed over time. Results also show that women are more likely to receive land inheritance from their mothers than fathers while mother's education has a positive effect on women's chance of inheritance. Results also show that Women are more likely to receive land inheritance from their mothers than fathers while mother's education has positive effect women chance of inheritance.
Dr. Hosaena Ghebru is a Post-doctoral Fellow with the Development Strategy and Governance Division at IFPRI. He earned his PhD in Economics with specialization in Development Economics from the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. His principal areas of research are on the economics of land tenure and land policy reforms, the causes and consequences of land rental market participation; measurements of rural poverty and vulnerability, welfare and productivity impacts land tenure reforms. Currently, he is leading (involved in) projects on impact evaluation of land tenure and administration reforms in Nigeria, Ghana, Mozambique, Ethiopia, and (Tanzania) and is a project manager for the Global Partnership for Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF).
Due to unforeseen travel issues the April installment of IFPRI Nigeria's Monthly Seminar Series is rescheduled for next Wednesday, April 30th.
Join us for the April installment of IFPRI Nigeria's Monthly Seminar Series. This month we are excited to have IFPRI Senior Research Fellow/NSSP Program Leader, Dr. Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong, presenting on the very timely topic of Youth Employment. In the seminar, titled "Agricultural Transformation and Youth Employment in Africa: Nigerian Case Study," Dr. Gyimah-Brempong will discuss his current research on youth employment in Nigeria and how agriculture can play a role in mitigating unemployment. For the full abstract, please see below.
Time: 2:00PM - 3:30PM
Venue: IFDC/IFPRI Conference Room No 6/Plot 1413 Ogbagi Street Off Oro-Ago Crescent Cadastral Zone II, Garki, Abuja Nigeria (Near old CBN building and behind Union Homes)